GITNUX REPORT 2024

Global Population Statistics: Key Figures and Trends Outlined and Analyzed

From 8 to 9 Billion: An In-Depth Look at Global Population Trends and Projections.

Author: Jannik Lindner

First published: 7/17/2024

Statistic 1

The global median age was 30.9 years in 2020

Statistic 2

Japan has the highest median age at 48.4 years

Statistic 3

Niger has the lowest median age at 15.2 years

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People aged 65 and above make up 9.3% of the global population

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28.9% of the world's population is under 15 years old

Statistic 6

The global total dependency ratio is 53.2%

Statistic 7

The global old-age dependency ratio is 14.4%

Statistic 8

The global child dependency ratio is 38.8%

Statistic 9

The global potential support ratio is 6.9 working-age people per older person

Statistic 10

The global median age is projected to reach 42 years by 2100

Statistic 11

The global fertility rate is 2.4 births per woman

Statistic 12

Niger has the highest fertility rate at 6.8 births per woman

Statistic 13

South Korea has the lowest fertility rate at 0.8 births per woman

Statistic 14

The global crude birth rate is 17.5 births per 1,000 population

Statistic 15

The global sex ratio at birth is 1.07 males per female

Statistic 16

The global adolescent fertility rate is 41 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19

Statistic 17

The global contraceptive prevalence rate is 49% among women aged 15-49

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22% of the world's population lives in countries with below-replacement fertility

Statistic 19

The global adolescent birth rate is 42 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19

Statistic 20

The world population reached 8 billion in November 2022

Statistic 21

China is the most populous country with 1.4 billion people

Statistic 22

India is projected to surpass China as the world's most populous country in 2023

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The global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2037

Statistic 24

The world's population is growing at a rate of 1.1% per year

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Vatican City is the least populous country with 825 inhabitants

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50.4% of the world's population is male

Statistic 27

Monaco has the highest population density at 26,150 people per sq km

Statistic 28

Mongolia has the lowest population density at 2 people per sq km

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The global adult literacy rate is 86.5%

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The global primary school enrollment rate is 89.4%

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The global secondary school enrollment rate is 76.1%

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The global tertiary school enrollment rate is 38.8%

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51% of the world's population has access to social protection

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83% of the world's population has access to electricity

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74% of the world's population has access to safely managed drinking water

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54% of the world's population has access to safely managed sanitation

Statistic 37

51.4% of the world's population uses the internet

Statistic 38

The global youth unemployment rate is 15.2%

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The global labor force participation rate is 58.6%

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The global employment-to-population ratio is 54.9%

Statistic 41

The global poverty rate (living on less than $1.90 a day) is 9.2%

Statistic 42

The global Gini index (measure of income inequality) is 44

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The global mean years of schooling is 8.5 years

Statistic 44

The global Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.737

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The global Gender Inequality Index (GII) is 0.465

Statistic 46

The global average household size is 3.4 people

Statistic 47

There are 20 countries with a population of over 100 million

Statistic 48

Africa has the highest population growth rate at 2.5% annually

Statistic 49

Europe has the lowest population growth rate at 0.06% annually

Statistic 50

The global net migration rate is 0.3 migrants per 1,000 population

Statistic 51

The United Arab Emirates has the highest net migration rate at 11.3 per 1,000 population

Statistic 52

Syria has the lowest net migration rate at -20.1 per 1,000 population

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There were 281 million international migrants globally in 2020

Statistic 54

The global life expectancy at birth is 72.8 years

Statistic 55

Hong Kong has the highest life expectancy at 85.2 years

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The Central African Republic has the lowest life expectancy at 53.3 years

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The global crude death rate is 7.5 deaths per 1,000 population

Statistic 58

The global infant mortality rate is 28 deaths per 1,000 live births

Statistic 59

The global maternal mortality ratio is 211 deaths per 100,000 live births

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The global under-5 mortality rate is 37 deaths per 1,000 live births

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55% of the world's population lives in urban areas

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Tokyo is the world's largest urban agglomeration with 37 million inhabitants

Statistic 63

68% of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050

Statistic 64

1 in 8 people globally lived in 33 megacities in 2018

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Summary

  • The world population reached 8 billion in November 2022
  • China is the most populous country with 1.4 billion people
  • India is projected to surpass China as the world's most populous country in 2023
  • The global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2037
  • 55% of the world's population lives in urban areas
  • Tokyo is the world's largest urban agglomeration with 37 million inhabitants
  • 68% of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050
  • 1 in 8 people globally lived in 33 megacities in 2018
  • The global median age was 30.9 years in 2020
  • Japan has the highest median age at 48.4 years
  • Niger has the lowest median age at 15.2 years
  • People aged 65 and above make up 9.3% of the global population
  • The global fertility rate is 2.4 births per woman
  • Niger has the highest fertility rate at 6.8 births per woman
  • South Korea has the lowest fertility rate at 0.8 births per woman

Hold onto your hats, folks, because we are diving deep into the numerical jungle of humanity! From the staggering milestone of 8 billion global inhabitants to the imminent battle for the top spot between China and India, the population statistics of our planet are a wild ride. With cities bursting at the seams and fertility rates doing the limbo, its a demographic dance floor out there. Buckle up as we unpack the metrics, from Tokyos urban sprawl to Nigers youthful exuberance and Hong Kongs impressive longevity. This blog post is your VIP ticket to the statistical extravaganza that is our ever-evolving world population.

Age Demographics

  • The global median age was 30.9 years in 2020
  • Japan has the highest median age at 48.4 years
  • Niger has the lowest median age at 15.2 years
  • People aged 65 and above make up 9.3% of the global population
  • 28.9% of the world's population is under 15 years old
  • The global total dependency ratio is 53.2%
  • The global old-age dependency ratio is 14.4%
  • The global child dependency ratio is 38.8%
  • The global potential support ratio is 6.9 working-age people per older person
  • The global median age is projected to reach 42 years by 2100

Interpretation

In a world where age is just a number, the statistics paint a vivid portrait of our demographic landscape. From Japan, where wisdom comes with the highest median age at 48.4 years, to Niger, where youth reigns supreme with a median age of 15.2 years, humanity's diversity shines through. As we navigate the complexities of a global population where only 9.3% are aged 65 and above, and 28.9% are under 15, the real challenge lies in balancing the scales of dependency. With a total dependency ratio of 53.2% and a potential support ratio of 6.9 working-age individuals per older person, the dynamics of care and responsibility are evolving. So as we fast forward to 2100, where the global median age is projected to hit 42 years, let us remember that age is not just a number, but a reflection of our past, present, and future.

Fertility and Birth Rates

  • The global fertility rate is 2.4 births per woman
  • Niger has the highest fertility rate at 6.8 births per woman
  • South Korea has the lowest fertility rate at 0.8 births per woman
  • The global crude birth rate is 17.5 births per 1,000 population
  • The global sex ratio at birth is 1.07 males per female
  • The global adolescent fertility rate is 41 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19
  • The global contraceptive prevalence rate is 49% among women aged 15-49
  • 22% of the world's population lives in countries with below-replacement fertility
  • The global adolescent birth rate is 42 births per 1,000 women aged 15-19

Interpretation

In a world where fertility rates range from a baby boom in Niger to a birthrate drought in South Korea, it's clear that when it comes to population statistics, variety is the spice of life. With a global contraceptive prevalence rate of 49%, it seems some countries are carefully managing their future generations while others are on a fertility rollercoaster. As we navigate sex ratios, adolescent birth rates, and the reality that a quarter of the world's population lives in countries with below-replacement fertility, one thing is certain - the world's demographics are as diverse and unpredictable as a toddler's mood swings.

Global Population

  • The world population reached 8 billion in November 2022
  • China is the most populous country with 1.4 billion people
  • India is projected to surpass China as the world's most populous country in 2023
  • The global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2037
  • The world's population is growing at a rate of 1.1% per year
  • Vatican City is the least populous country with 825 inhabitants
  • 50.4% of the world's population is male
  • Monaco has the highest population density at 26,150 people per sq km
  • Mongolia has the lowest population density at 2 people per sq km
  • The global adult literacy rate is 86.5%
  • The global primary school enrollment rate is 89.4%
  • The global secondary school enrollment rate is 76.1%
  • The global tertiary school enrollment rate is 38.8%
  • 51% of the world's population has access to social protection
  • 83% of the world's population has access to electricity
  • 74% of the world's population has access to safely managed drinking water
  • 54% of the world's population has access to safely managed sanitation
  • 51.4% of the world's population uses the internet
  • The global youth unemployment rate is 15.2%
  • The global labor force participation rate is 58.6%
  • The global employment-to-population ratio is 54.9%
  • The global poverty rate (living on less than $1.90 a day) is 9.2%
  • The global Gini index (measure of income inequality) is 44
  • The global mean years of schooling is 8.5 years
  • The global Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.737
  • The global Gender Inequality Index (GII) is 0.465
  • The global average household size is 3.4 people
  • There are 20 countries with a population of over 100 million
  • Africa has the highest population growth rate at 2.5% annually
  • Europe has the lowest population growth rate at 0.06% annually

Interpretation

In a world where numbers never lie, the population statistics paint a vibrant canvas of human existence, from the bustling streets of China to the serene corridors of Vatican City. As we hurtle towards 9 billion souls by 2037, the balance between progress and disparity becomes ever more precarious. With more people accessing electricity than safe drinking water, and the digital divide widening alongside income inequality, the global landscape is a tapestry of both advancement and adversity. Yet, in the midst of these figures lies the potential for change, for a world where education, equality, and opportunity are not just metrics, but fundamental rights for all. As we navigate the complexities of population growth and distribution, let us remember that behind every percentage point and decimal lies a story waiting to be told, a life yearning to be uplifted, and a future seeking to be shaped.

Migration

  • The global net migration rate is 0.3 migrants per 1,000 population
  • The United Arab Emirates has the highest net migration rate at 11.3 per 1,000 population
  • Syria has the lowest net migration rate at -20.1 per 1,000 population
  • There were 281 million international migrants globally in 2020

Interpretation

The global population is like a bustling airport terminal, with people constantly coming and going. The United Arab Emirates seems to be the flashy, high-end VIP lounge, attracting migrants like moths to a flame at a rate of 11.3 per 1,000 population. On the other end of the spectrum, Syria appears to be the forgotten corner of the airport, with a net migration rate so low it's practically negative at -20.1 per 1,000 population, reflecting the harsh realities faced by its residents. In this global migration maze, with 281 million international migrants swirling around in 2020, it's clear that while some countries are the hotspots, others are the forgotten backwaters in the ever-evolving human migration story.

Mortality and Life Expectancy

  • The global life expectancy at birth is 72.8 years
  • Hong Kong has the highest life expectancy at 85.2 years
  • The Central African Republic has the lowest life expectancy at 53.3 years
  • The global crude death rate is 7.5 deaths per 1,000 population
  • The global infant mortality rate is 28 deaths per 1,000 live births
  • The global maternal mortality ratio is 211 deaths per 100,000 live births
  • The global under-5 mortality rate is 37 deaths per 1,000 live births

Interpretation

As we navigate the ups and downs of global population statistics, it's clear that life's longevity lottery often depends on where you're born. From the luxurious life expectancy playground in Hong Kong to the tumultuous terrain of the Central African Republic, the numbers paint a stark picture of disparities in health and well-being around the world. With a global crude death rate reminding us of life's fragility to infant mortality rates highlighting room for improvement, these statistics serve as a poignant reminder that while life is a game of chance, ensuring access to quality healthcare is a responsibility we all share.

Urbanization

  • 55% of the world's population lives in urban areas
  • Tokyo is the world's largest urban agglomeration with 37 million inhabitants
  • 68% of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050
  • 1 in 8 people globally lived in 33 megacities in 2018

Interpretation

The numbers paint a concrete jungle reality check: over half of the global population currently calls urban areas home, with Tokyo reigning as the heavyweight champion of urban agglomerations. With projections showing a surge to nearly 70% by 2050, it seems the urban sprawl is far from over. In a world where one in every eight individuals resides in just 33 megacities, it's evident that the allure of city lights continues to draw in the masses, shaping our collective future skyline.

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