China Religious Statistics: Market Report & Data

Highlights: The Most Important China Religious Statistics

  • 90% of Chinese citizens identify as non-religious or atheist.
  • There are estimated to be 20 million Muslims in China.
  • 18.2% of China's population practices Buddhism.
  • Christianity represents about 5% of China's total population.
  • There are over 10,000 Protestant churches in China.
  • In 2020, there were about 6 million Catholics in China.
  • There are 384,000 Buddhist monks and nuns in China.
  • Only 1.6% of China's population identifies as Taoist.
  • Confucianism is practiced by over 6 million Chinese.
  • There are an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 Orthodox Christians in China.
  • There are about 1 million Jews in China, making it one of the largest Jewish communities in Asia.
  • By 2030, China's Christian population is expected to more than triple to 247 million.
  • More than half of the world's 488 million Buddhists live in China.
  • From 4% to 7% of Chinese young adults have converted to Christianity.
  • In 2018, there were approximately 6.7 million Jehovah's Witnesses in China.
  • Shintoism has only about 18,000 followers in China.
  • The Quanzhen School of Taoism has an estimated 2 million followers in China.

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When it comes to the world’s largest country by population, the religious landscape is tremendously diverse. The religious dynamics of China are both complex and intriguing, reflecting a rich historical tapestry of spiritual beliefs and practices. In this blog post, we delve into the depths of China’s religious statistics, exploring the multifaceted realm of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity, and traditional folk religions. We’ll also analyze the data surrounding the significant portion of the population professing no religious affiliation, providing an encompassing picture of religious beliefs and preferences in contemporary China.

The Latest China Religious Statistics Unveiled

90% of Chinese citizens identify as non-religious or atheist.

Illuminating the spiritual landscape of China, the striking figure that 90% of Chinese citizens identify as non-religious or atheist is a cornerstone in the mosaic of China’s religious statistics. Herein lies the audacious confirmation of an overwhelmingly secular biorhythm pulsating within the heart of this ancient civilization. As we navigate the interplay of tradition, ideology, and personal conviction enveloping China, this statistic provides a pivotal frame of reference, anchoring an understanding of the widespread detachment from traditional faiths, and projecting a vivid snapshot of the current spiritual demographic of the nation within our discussion.

There are estimated to be 20 million Muslims in China.

Highlighting that an estimated 20 million Muslims reside in China injects a fascinating perspective into our exploration of China’s religious landscape. This numeric illustration not only peels back the layers on the intricate tapestry of beliefs held across the nation, but also underscores the presence of a significant Islamic community. As such, it implicitly infers the lively ebb and flow of diverse religious practices, ideologies, and customs within China, painting a broader, more nuanced picture of its societal fabric. Understanding these demographics allows for a meaningful engagement with the complexities and pluralities of China’s religious socio-cultural dynamics.

18.2% of China’s population practices Buddhism.

Imagining the kaleidoscope of faiths within China, the standout figure of 18.2% of the population practicing Buddhism truly highlights the diversity and prominence of this spiritual path within the world’s most populous nation. In the helping to shape the texture of China’s religious statistics, this intriguing number not only underpins the deep-rooted historical influences of Buddhism on Chinese society and culture, but also underscores the continuing relevance of this philosophical system among contemporary Chinese people. This figure invites us to delve deeper into the rich tapestry of China’s religious landscape, reflecting the unfolding story of faith, philosophy, and societal norms in a constantly evolving societal context.

Christianity represents about 5% of China’s total population.

In the woven tapestry of China’s religious demographics, the 5% representation of Christianity offers a revealing thread of insight. Noteworthy for a readership tracking China’s religious pulse, this percentage underscores a dynamic yet understated presence of a western religion within a predominantly eastern philosophical landscape. It suggests subtleties in China’s cultural diffusion, societal attitudes, and religious tolerances, which could carry implications for religious policy deliberations, cross-cultural interactions, and international relations. As such, this statistic serves as a key cipher to unlock a richer, deeper understanding of China’s multifaceted religious tableau.

There are over 10,000 Protestant churches in China.

Highlighting the existence of over 10,000 Protestant churches in China remarkably elucidates the intriguing diversity and interplay of religious beliefs within a country renown for its historically deep roots in Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. In a territory where state atheism is a governing principle, this remarkable figure punctuates a vibrant, growing undercurrent of religious pluralism. It illustrates the expanding influence and acceptance of Western religious ideologies, adding an unexpected dimension to China’s socio-cultural fabric. This statistic contributes an important facet to a comprehensive understanding of religious dynamics in China, a fascinating testament to the flexibility and adaptability of faith amid a rapidly evolving society.

In 2020, there were about 6 million Catholics in China.

Unveiling the figure of approximately 6 million Catholics in China for 2020 offers a striking snapshot of religious adherence in a country often perceived as agnostic or atheistic. It ingrains a distinctive layer of diversity in China’s religious landscape, positioning Catholicism as a significant although minority faith group within the populous nation. This statistic underscores the multifaceted nature of Chinese society, suggesting an intriguing interplay between tradition and imported beliefs. Hence, it provides a useful denominator in comprehending China’s socioreligious fabric, which enriches the context for further exploration in the blog post about China Religious Statistics.

There are 384,000 Buddhist monks and nuns in China.

Unveiling the spiritual tapestry of China, we illuminate a significant thread in the form of 384,000 Buddhist monks and nuns. This number, not merely a statistic, but a testimony of faith, acknowledges the existence of a substantial Buddhist population. In a blog post dissecting Chinese religious statistics, it provides a holistic insight into China’s multifaceted religious composition. The presence of such a large community of Buddhist clergy delineates the breadth and depth of Buddhism’s influence within Chinese society. Consequently, any comprehensive analysis of religious practice, belief, and influence in China would undoubtedly benefit from careful examination of this substantial Buddhist representation.

Only 1.6% of China’s population identifies as Taoist.

Woven into the fabric of the blog post on China’s religious statistics, the insight that a mere 1.6% of the population identifies as Taoist offers a fascinating glimpse into the sociocultural tapestry of the nation. Despite the estimation that Taoism originated in China around the 4th century BC, its contemporary following comprises only a sliver of the vast Chinese population. This percentile underpins not only the diverse spiritual inclinations in the country but also the shifting religious landscape over centuries, marked by the waxing and waning influence of various belief systems. Within the context of religious demography, this figure underscores the evolving interplay between traditional Chinese philosophies, modern norms, and external religious influences.

Confucianism is practiced by over 6 million Chinese.

Delving into the realm of religiosity in China, an enriching revelation catches our eye – the prominence of Confucianism, with a following surpassing 6 million individuals. This number provides an interesting perspective that opens up layers of insight about the religious diversity and cultural roots in China. Amidst the panorama of faiths, Confucianism stands as a testament to China’s historical philosophies, contributing to its unique societal and ethical structure. This figure adds depth to our understanding, shedding light on the innate ideologies casting profound influences on the daily lives of millions in China, underscoring the blog post’s exploration of Chinese religious demographics.

There are an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 Orthodox Christians in China.

Delineating the rich religious tapestry of China, the estimated population of 60,000 to 100,000 Orthodox Christians contributes to the broader understanding of the multifaceted faith landscape. In a nation of 1.4 billion, these statistics may seem diminutive. Yet, they translate into a vibrant, historic community bridging continuous traditions from the far reaches of the Byzantine Empire to modern day China. The presence of Orthodox Christianity in the largely atheist, Buddhist, or Taoist society further underscores the depth and diversity of religious belief, practice, and assimilation in the country, touching upon themes of cultural evolution and religious coexistence for the blog post on China’s religious statistics.

There are about 1 million Jews in China, making it one of the largest Jewish communities in Asia.

In unraveling the intricate tapestry of China’s religious demographics, an unexpected thread woven into this diverse mosaic is the presence of one of Asia’s largest Jewish communities. Approximated to be about 1 million strong, this statistic serves as a testament to China’s religious diversity, standing contrary to an often-presumed dominance of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. This unexpected significant Jewish presence throws light on a unique cultural blend, subtly altering the religious contours and contributing to a well-rounded understanding of China’s comprehensive religious landscape.

By 2030, China’s Christian population is expected to more than triple to 247 million.

This startling projection that China’s Christian population will surge to 247 million by 2030, serves as a focal point in examining the religious landscape in the region. It underscores an evolving religious dynamic within a traditionally non-Christian nation, hinting at significant social, cultural, and even political shifts. The growing Christian demographics could alter the religious plurality, potentiate changes in policies regarding religious freedom and foster new culturally diverse interactions. This statistic in essence, signals a remarkable transformation, painting a profound narrative about the changing faith tapestry of the world’s most populous country.

More than half of the world’s 488 million Buddhists live in China.

Unraveling the spiritual tapestry of China unfolds a fascinating statistic as it serves as a spiritual sanctuary to over half the globe’s 488 million Buddhists, thus unequivocally amplifying its significance in China’s religious demographics. This demographic density not only inflates China’s ecclesiastical profile but also refines the otherwise diffused religious identity of the country, offering insights into the socio-cultural and spiritual nuances that shape China. Recognizing this substantial Buddhist population offers a unique perspective for readers by highlighting the influence of Buddhism in shaping historical, societal, and cultural aspects of Chinese life while inviting a deeper understanding of China’s religious landscape.

From 4% to 7% of Chinese young adults have converted to Christianity.

Illuminating the shifting religious landscape of China, the rise in Christian conversion among young adults from 4% to 7% plays a monumental role. The statistic not only indicates a changing spiritual essence among Chinese millennials but also portrays a sense of agile cultural assimilation, reflecting on their openness to Western ideologies. Most significantly, it underscores a potentially profound interplay between China’s traditional belief systems and the mounting influence of global religions, contributing to a deeper understanding of Chinese religious fabric in contemporary times. This upswing also becomes a crucial trigger to probe further into possible socio-political implications within China, where officially atheist Communist Party governs.

In 2018, there were approximately 6.7 million Jehovah’s Witnesses in China.

This figure paints an intriguing portrayal of the religious landscape in China and serves as a testament to the surprising resilience and growth of Jehovah’s Witnesses in a predominantly non-Christian country. This number indicates a diversity of faiths in China, showing that Christianity, through the presence of Jehovah’s witnesses, has a significant imprint even amidst strong state regulation. This paints an alternate picture to the usual Buddhist, Taoist, or non-religious perspective often associated with China, deepening our understanding of China’s religious complexities.

Shintoism has only about 18,000 followers in China.

Highlighting the figure of approximately 18,000 Shintoism followers in China offers a nuanced perspective on the country’s religious landscape. This comparatively minor following lends a sense of proportion against the vast, pluralistic backdrop of Chinese spirituality — dominated by major practices like Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Consequently, the presence of Shintoism, a distinctively Japanese religious tradition, underscores the continuous flow and influence of cultural elements between countries. It offers a tangible metric to perceive foreign religious influence, despite China’s extensive historical and contemporary regulations on religion.

The Quanzhen School of Taoism has an estimated 2 million followers in China.

Highlighting the estimated 2 million followers of the Quanzhen School of Taoism brings texture and depth to the mosaic of religious belief in China. This figure allows readers to grasp the prominence of this particular branch of Taoism, providing insights into the spiritual lives and cultural traditions of a significant section of China’s populace. It forms a crucial part of mapping the intricate landscape of Chinese religious practices, narratives, and affiliations. This, therefore, warrants further exploration for readers invested in understanding the diverse facets of China’s religious scene.


Research into religious statistics in China paints an intricate picture of rich cultural diversity and history. Traditional sects such as Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism have a significant role, but Christianity and Islam have marked steady growth as well. However, a substantial proportion of the population identifies as non-religious or atheist, reflecting centuries-old traditions of secularism, and perhaps, the influence of more recent state policies. Crucially, these statistics underscore that understanding China’s religious landscape requires appreciating it as a complex mosaic of spiritualities.


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What is the main religion in China?

The main religion in China is Buddhism, followed closely by Taoism. However, a large percentage of the population identifies as non-religious or atheist.

How many religions are there in China?

There are five officially recognized religions in China, which are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism.

What percentage of China's population practices Buddhism?

An estimated 18% to 20% of China's population practices Buddhism, making it the largest religion in the country.

Is religious freedom allowed in China?

The Chinese constitution provides for freedom of religious belief; however, the government restricts religious practice to five recognized institutions and tightly controls their activities.

How does the Chinese government view religion?

The Chinese government is officially atheist. It acknowledges five religions, however, it closely controls their activities and suppresses religious practices outside officially recognized institutions.

How we write our statistic reports:

We have not conducted any studies ourselves. Our article provides a summary of all the statistics and studies available at the time of writing. We are solely presenting a summary, not expressing our own opinion. We have collected all statistics within our internal database. In some cases, we use Artificial Intelligence for formulating the statistics. The articles are updated regularly.

See our Editorial Process.

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