GITNUX MARKETDATA REPORT 2024

Education In India Statistics: Market Report & Data

Highlights: The Most Important Education In India Statistics

  • As of 2021, India's literacy rate is 77.7%.
  • The state with the highest literacy rate is Kerala with 96.2%.
  • In 2019, gross school enrollment rate is 96.5% for primary, 78.3% for secondary and 47.6% for tertiary education.
  • The Male literacy rate in India is 84.7% while the female literacy rate is 70.3%.
  • The state with the lowest literacy rate is Bihar with 63.82%.
  • In terms of spending, India invests 3.1% of its GDP on education.
  • India has over 1.5 million schools, making it one of the countries with the highest number of schools.
  • There are approximately 315 million students in India.
  • The teacher to student ratio in India is approximately 1:30.
  • The annual dropout rate at the primary level in India is 4.13%.
  • Only 42% of students in rural India in Class V can solve a basic two-digit subtraction problem.
  • Around 28% of primary schools in India don't have a functioning toilet.
  • The average class size in urban private schools of India is 35.
  • Only 12.6% of schools in India are up to the standard of the Right to Education Act.
  • About 195.72 million children in India are enrolled in grade school (grade 1 to grade 8).
  • In 2019, approximately 33.7 million students were enrolled in undergraduate degree programmes across India.
  • Indian Government's expenditure on education during the year 2020-2021 is $11.99 billion.
  • In 2019-20, there were 1,043 universities in India.

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Welcome to our comprehensive exploration into the realm of education in India. In this blog post, we will delve into the nuances of the educational landscape in one of the world’s most populous countries, unraveling vital statistics that reveal intriguing aspects of India’s educational system. From literacy rate patterns, gender disparities, enrollment rates in different educational levels, to the impacts of urbanization and digital connectivity, we provide an analytical interpretation of the numbers and discern their implications for India’s future.

The Latest Education In India Statistics Unveiled

As of 2021, India’s literacy rate is 77.7%.

Nestled within the framework of India’s educational landscape, the statistic highlighting a literacy rate of 77.7% as of 2021 presents a compelling narrative. It offers keen insights into the ongoing educational endeavors of a nation that houses more than a billion individuals, illustrating the state’s quest towards achieving universal literacy. The figure also holds a mirror to the disparities and challenges yet to be vanquished, as the statistic is not yet at a perfect 100%. Therefore, in a nuanced exploration of Education in India through statistics, this piece of data serves as a beacon, guiding discussions towards the ground realities, ongoing reforms and future trajectories of India’s education system.

The state with the highest literacy rate is Kerala with 96.2%.

Illuminating the strides India has made in education, the statistic revealing Kerala as the state boasting a staggering literacy rate of 96.2% serves as a testament to the impact of dedicated educational initiatives. This figure stands out in the lens of ‘Education in India Statistics’, casting a beacon of promising achievement in our narrative. It not only underscores the effectiveness of progressive educational policies in shaping a literate society but also sets a benchmark for other Indian states to aspire for, stoking a healthy competitive spirit. This statistic exemplifies that with concerted efforts, the goal of universal literacy is indeed attainable in the Indian context.

In 2019, gross school enrollment rate is 96.5% for primary, 78.3% for secondary and 47.6% for tertiary education.

“With a keen emphasis on India’s scholastic endeavors, compiling data for 2019 reveals intriguing insights. The gross school enrollment rate scale highlights a striking 96.5% for primary education and a substantial 78.3% for secondary education. However, further scrutiny unveils a drop to a more sobering 47.6% for tertiary education. This gradient points to potential hurdles in the transition between secondary to post-secondary education, inferring that there may be systematic obstacles or concerns that prevent students from continuing their academic pursuits. In contrast, the high primary school enrollment rate suggests successful efforts at early education accessibility. Grasping these figures and their implications transforms our perception of India’s learning landscape, prompting deeper investigation and conversation around educational development.”

The Male literacy rate in India is 84.7% while the female literacy rate is 70.3%.

Juxtaposing the male literacy rate of 84.7% with the female rate of 70.3%, casts a stark illumination on the gaping gender disparity in the realm of education in India. In a post centered around educational statistics in India, this data can function like a powerful mirror, reflecting an educational hierarchy anchored steeply in gender. The disparity not only emphasizes the underlying socio-cultural biases that restrict the educational access and attainment for women, but also highlights the potential areas that need targeted interventions and policy amendments. This contrast thus acts as an essential compass guiding the conversation and actions towards gender equity in education.

The state with the lowest literacy rate is Bihar with 63.82%.

In weaving the tapestry of Education in India Statistics, the thread that stands out starkly is Bihar’s literacy rate of a mere 63.82%. This number, a testament to the challenges experienced in the educational sphere, instantly highlights the state’s struggle to impart literacy to its masses. Serving as a crucial benchmark, it encapsulates the enormous task educators and policymakers face in achieving universal literacy due to the state’s existing infrastructural, financial, and motivational obstacles. Therefore, Bihar’s literacy rate is a stark reminder of the tangible hurdles on the road to Education For All, painting a vivid, interesting, and urgent picture crucial to the discourse on education in India.

In terms of spending, India invests 3.1% of its GDP on education.

Spotlighting the statistic, India funnels 3.1% of its GDP into education, underscores the government’s financial commitment in sculpting its future generations. This fiscal allocation, a pulse check of the priority given to education, becomes a pivotal indicator of the potential for educational growth and development within the country. In a blog post about Education In India Statistics, this figure provides a financial lens to objectively evaluate and understand the preparedness and commitments toward enhancing educational infrastructure, quality and accessibility, thus painting a vivid tapestry of India’s stride towards academic excellence.

India has over 1.5 million schools, making it one of the countries with the highest number of schools.

The awe-inspiring number of over 1.5 million schools positions India amongst the nations with the most schooling facilities, painting a vibrant picture of an education-focused society. In the context of the Indian education statistics, this detail is a stark indicator of the country’s remarkable commitment to learning, highlighting the colossal infrastructure in place to shape the future pillars of a rapidly expanding economy. In essence, the proverbial saying, ‘where there’s a will, there’s a way,’ is brought to life in the realm of Indian education, promising density of opportunities and accessibility for the nation’s young minds.

There are approximately 315 million students in India.

Hovering around 315 million, the sheer volume of students in India amplifies the magnanimity of the Indian education sector. Such an expansive number, included in a blog post on Education in India Statistics, accentuates the widespread encompassment and the potential impact of educational policies and reforms in the country. It showcases the scope for developmental strategies aimed at the intellectual growth of this young population, fortifying India’s position in the global knowledge economy. Simultaneously, it highlights the considerable challenges in providing universal, high-quality education across India, thereby advocating for further research, resources, and efforts in this sector.

The teacher to student ratio in India is approximately 1:30.

Venturing into the realm of Education in India, data provides a glittering yet stark reality in the form of the teacher-student ratio, teetering at approximately 1:30. A window into the pulsating heart of the country’s educational fabric, this ratio represents a critical measure of educational quality and effectiveness, hinting at the challenges in maintaining individual attention and potential constraints in managing class interactions. Unraveling this statistical thread, it weaves a powerful narrative of the sheer magnitude of the Indian educational landscape, bringing students face to face with a system resilient yet strained, teeming with possibility, yet wrestling with expansive scales.

The annual dropout rate at the primary level in India is 4.13%.

Highlighting the annual dropout rate at the primary level in India as 4.13% provides a significant insight into the landscape of India’s educational system. It uncovers a crucial challenge that requires immediate attention – the early cessation of schooling among young learners. This figure, while seemingly small, signifies the number of children who are disenfranchised from the opportunity of comprehensive development and learning, potentially leading to a circle of illiteracy and poverty. Thus, this percentage sets the tone for discussions around educational policy reforms, resource allocation, and strategies that can improve school retention, setting a strong foundation for the youths’ promising future.

Only 42% of students in rural India in Class V can solve a basic two-digit subtraction problem.

In the scope of discerning the quality of education in India, particularly in rural areas, the figure indicating that only 42% of Class V students can solve a fundamental two-digit subtraction problem serves as a critical measure. This percentage is the pulse that underscores the urgent need for substantial improvements and investments in rural education. It lays bare the discrepancies and shortfalls in the education system, particularly in foundational mathematical skills. Moreover, in the swiftly advancing world, where numeracy is as vital as literacy, this statistic stands as a stark reminder that India’s rural children might be left behind, thus impacting the country’s overall progress and development.

Around 28% of primary schools in India don’t have a functioning toilet.

Highlighting that nearly 28% of primary schools in India lack functioning toilets underscores a critical infrastructural gap impacting the country’s educational framework. This fact points to not just the sanitation challenges, but also indirectly affects pupil attendance rates, particularly among female students, due to lack of basic hygiene amenities. Consequently, it carries significant implications for overall academic progression, student health, and gender parity in education. This statistic should compel policy makers and educators to consider holistic solutions, expanding focus beyond seeking improvements in purely academic parameters, and recognising that an enriched, healthy learning environment is necessary for enhancing education quality in India.

The average class size in urban private schools of India is 35.

In the midst of a dialogue about Education In India Statistics, the nugget of information stating the average class size in urban private schools of India rests at 35 amplifies the dichotomy between urban-private and rural-public schooling systems. This figure not only signifies the emphasis on teacher-student ratios critical for personalized attention and quality education in the urban private sector, but also underscores the challenges of overcrowding in classrooms, a pressing concern mirrored worldwide. The interplay of these numbers could drive discourse on education policies, resource allocation, and work towards fostering a more balanced Indian education landscape.

Only 12.6% of schools in India are up to the standard of the Right to Education Act.

Anchoring deep into the realm of education in India, a particularly poignant statistic emerges: a mere 12.6% of schools in India align with the standards established by the Right to Education Act. This paints a stark picture of the chasm between policy ambition and grassroot educational reality, yielding a sobering touchstone for evaluating the country’s efforts towards holistic progress. The statistic not only underlines the urgency and magnitude of the educational challenges that India faces but also illuminates the potential trajectory that any inclusive growth narrative for the country must confront and contend with. Worth noting as well is that this educational quality deficit lays bare the potential long-term socioeconomic ripple effects, potentially keeping India from fully utilizing its demographic dividend.

About 195.72 million children in India are enrolled in grade school (grade 1 to grade 8).

Highlighting an impressive figure, India’s educational system has about 195.72 million children enrolled in grade school, stretching from grade 1 to grade 8. Such a number offers profound insights into India’s enormous student body, indicating the vast potential talent pool. Moreover, it deck the halls of a discourse about the Indian government’s focus on basic education, pubilic expenditure on education, literacy rates, and the universal access to primary education, constituting an indispensable cornerstone for an in-depth analysis. This voluminous populace of young scholastics underscores the significance of quality education and resources. Therefore, it forms a crucial point of reference when discussing the promises and challenges of India’s education landscape.

In 2019, approximately 33.7 million students were enrolled in undergraduate degree programmes across India.

Highlighting the striking figure of nearly 33.7 million students undertaking undergraduate studies across India in 2019 showcases a massive participation in higher education – a pulsating testament to India’s escalating emphasis on academic pursuit. It echoes the profound surge in India’s educational development, reflecting the nation’s intentions to foster a knowledge-intensive society. The magnitude of this number also points towards India’s colossal younger demographic stratum, keen on harnessing their potential through higher education. Consequently, these numbers suggest a burgeoning academia-centric culture, signifying potential growth areas for policies, infrastructural development, and educational reforms.

Indian Government’s expenditure on education during the year 2020-2021 is $11.99 billion.

In the realm of Education in India Statistics, the notable figure of the Indian Government’s expenditure on education amounting to $11.99 billion during the year of 2020-2021, paints a crucial picture. This significant expenditure not only underscores the vested interest by the government in fortifying the education sector, but also opens the door for critical analysis of its potential impact on India’s educational advancement. By scrutinizing this figure, one may unlock insightful glimpses into resource allocation, potential areas of growth, the scale of digital learning adoption amidst pandemic and an overall evaluation of the government’s financial commitment towards nurturing the future pillars of the country.

In 2019-20, there were 1,043 universities in India.

A glance at the 2019-20 statistic revealing an impressive tally of 1,043 universities dotted across India puts the enormity and complexity of India’s education landscape into sharp perspective. Serving as both a testament to the country’s emphasis on higher learning and a marker of its expansive student population, this number forms a cornerstone in any discussion around education in India. It helps the readers of the blog post gauge the sheer scale of India’s higher education infrastructure, whilst also providing a backdrop to understand complexities tied to diversity, opportunities, challenges and efforts towards promoting inclusivity in education.

Conclusion

Indian education statistics reveal a complex and evolving landscape. Overall literacy rates continue to improve, yet female and rural literacy still lag behind introducing socio-economic disparities. Enrollment and dropout rates indicate the need for more supportive infrastructure, particularly for marginalized communities. However, the rapid growth of the online education sector promisingly showcases the potential for digital solutions. Ultimately, these statistics underscore the urgency and significance of continual investments in education, as well as the implementation of innovative approaches, to champion a more equitable and effective learning system in India.

References

0. – https://www.uis.unesco.org

1. – https://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com

2. – https://www.www.indiabudget.gov.in

3. – https://www.www.livemint.com

4. – https://www.www.un.org

5. – https://www.www.census2011.co.in

6. – https://www.www.nipfp.org.in

7. – https://www.www.ugc.ac.in

8. – https://www.www.ey.com

9. – https://www.righttoeducation.in

10. – https://www.www.knoema.com

11. – https://www.www.indiaspend.com

12. – https://www.data.worldbank.org

13. – https://www.udiseplus.gov.in

14. – https://www.databank.worldbank.org

15. – https://www.data.gov.in

FAQs

What is the literacy rate in India?

According to the National Statistical Office (NSO) survey conducted in 2017-2018, the literacy rate in India is 77.7%. However, there are significant regional variations, with Kerala having the highest literacy rate at 96.2%, while Andhra Pradesh has the lowest at 64.4%.

How much does the government of India spend on education?

The government of India allocated about 4.6% of its total budget to education in the fiscal year 2020-2021. This includes spending on both primary and secondary education, as well as higher education.

How many children are out of school in India?

According to a report by UNICEF, around 6 million children aged between 6 and 13 years are estimated to be out of school in India.

What is the gender disparity in education in India?

Gender disparity in education exists, but it has been reducing over time. The National Family Health Survey (2015-2016) shows that the literacy rate among females aged 15-49 is 68.4%, while it is 85.6% among males of the same age group.

What is the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in India's higher education sector?

According to the All India Survey on Higher Education for 2019-2020, the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in India is 27.1%. This represents the number of students enrolled in a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official age group population.

How we write our statistic reports:

We have not conducted any studies ourselves. Our article provides a summary of all the statistics and studies available at the time of writing. We are solely presenting a summary, not expressing our own opinion. We have collected all statistics within our internal database. In some cases, we use Artificial Intelligence for formulating the statistics. The articles are updated regularly.

See our Editorial Process.

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