Earth Statistics: Market Report & Data

Highlights: The Most Important Earth Statistics

  • The age of Earth is estimated to be about 4.54 billion years old.
  • Earth’s Circumference at the Equator is approximately 24,901 miles (40,075 km).
  • Earth’s Diameter at the Equator is approximately 7,917.5 miles (12,742 km).
  • Earth's average orbital speed is about 29.78 km/s.
  • The Earth's axial tilt is approximately 23.44 degrees.
  • It takes Earth 23.934 hours to complete one rotation on its axis.
  • Earth's mean density is 5.52 grams per cubic centimeter.
  • Earth's atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen.
  • Earth's surface is 70.8% covered by water.
  • Earth's population is over 7.9 billion as of 2021.
  • The deepest point on Earth, the Mariana Trench, is 36,070 feet deep.
  • The highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, is approximately 29,031.7 feet above sea level.
  • The average temperature of Earth is approximately 14.9 degrees Celsius.
  • Earth has one moon.
  • Earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system.
  • The gravity on Earth is roughly 9.8 m/s^2.
  • The oceans hold about 97.5% of the Earth's water.
  • Earth is approximately 149.6 million kilometers away from the Sun.
  • The Earth’s atmosphere extends up to 10,000 km (6,200 mi) above the planet’s surface.
  • Earth orbits the Sun once every 365.256363004 days. It is this extra .256363004 days that creates the need for a leap year every 4 years.

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Welcome to our latest blog post, where we delve into the intriguing realm of Earth Statistics. As a statistics expert, we constantly strive to untangle and interpret the complexity and interconnectedness of our planet. Ranging from environmental, demographic, geographic, or economic data, Earth Statistics is a fascinating field shedding light on patterns, trends and relationships within Earth’s ecosystem. This dynamic discipline provides critical insights that can help guide policy-making, strategy development, and our understanding of the world we inhabit. Read on to explore some astonishing Earth Statistics and discover the story they tell about our planet.

The Latest Earth Statistics Unveiled

The age of Earth is estimated to be about 4.54 billion years old.

Marrying the vastness of time to the sphere we call home, the monumental figure of Earth’s estimated age, a staggering 4.54 billion years, serves a powerful role in unraveling our planet’s enigmatic history and the myriad transformations it has undergone. When found in a blog post about Earth’s statistics, this mind-boggling number stands as an integral thread, weaving itself through various statistical analyses−from geological transformations to changes in biodiversity, climatology to astronomy. By providing temporal context, it breaths perspective into our understanding of Earth’s thrilling story, making the blog not merely an enumeration of facts but a fascinating journey through time.

Earth’s Circumference at the Equator is approximately 24,901 miles (40,075 km).

In a blog post delving into the fascinating statistical world of our planet, envision the Earth’s circumference at the Equator as our blue planet’s vibrant belt, encircling approximately 24,901 miles or 40,075 kilometers. This numerical revelation is far from a mundane measure; it draws a clear picture showcasing Earth’s impressive expanse and paints a vivid statistical portrait of our home planet. Not just a figure, but it serves as a vital gauge of Earth’s scale, used in numerous calculations and applications, offering vast insights into our planet’s travel logistics, time zones, satellite positioning and even influences our understanding of Earth’s climate and meteorology. Without truly grasping this measurement, our global comprehension would be but a fraction of what it currently is, making it an inherent part of our Earth statistics narrative.

Earth’s Diameter at the Equator is approximately 7,917.5 miles (12,742 km).

In a blog post about Earth’s incredible statistics, the Earth’s equatorial diameter measuring approximately 7,917.5 miles (12,742 km) is a defining datum. It’s a vital factor illuminating our planet’s impressive size, indicating the extensive scale on which natural phenomena and human activities unfold. Not to mention how it influences Earth’s shape, gravity, rotation speed, and climate, it contributes to our cosmic understanding and is a critical yardstick when comparing Earth with its celestial neighbors. This magnificent measurement truly adds a dimension of scale and grandeur to our discussions about Earth.

Earth’s average orbital speed is about 29.78 km/s.

In the grand cosmic waltz, Earth elegantly pirouettes around the sun at an average speed of nearly 29.78 km/s, a compelling statistic that demonstrates our planet’s unwavering participation in the sun’s gravitational symphony. Not only does this orbital velocity keep our Earth secure in its solar orbit, preventing it from drifting aimlessly in the void of space, but it also has a profound influence on our seasons, climate, visibility of other celestial objects and even time itself. Hence, it is a statistic that defines Earth’s very role and rhythm within the vast cosmic theatre, making it an essential facet to consider in the tapestry of Earth Statistics.

The Earth’s axial tilt is approximately 23.44 degrees.

The Earth’s axial tilt, which stands at an approximate 23.44 degrees, works like an invisible hand in shaping our planet’s intricate ecosystems and life forms. This tilt or obliquity is not just a simple footnote in Earth statistics; it has a profound role in the mechanisms of our planet. It determines the intensity and distribution of sunlight hitting Earth, creating diverse climatic zones — from polar to tropical — and it’s directly responsible for seasonal changes. Without such a particular leaning, our planet’s entire geographic, climatic, and biological landscape would be drastically different, perhaps even uninhabitable. This is a testament to how a simple number can have an astronomical impact on Earth and all its life.

It takes Earth 23.934 hours to complete one rotation on its axis.

In the grand sphere of Earth statistics, the span of 23.934 hours that our planet requires to complete one revolution on its axis unfolds a delightful dance of interrelated effects. This rotation period, while seemingly minor, choreographs the fundamental beats of our lives. It orchestrates the alternating sequences of daylight and darkness, Playing a pivotal role in shaping our climate, weather patterns, and the very concept of time. In a blog post unwinding the tales of Earth, overlooking this statistic would be akin to ignoring the conductor at the symphony of celestial bodies – subtle yet undeniable in its influence.

Earth’s mean density is 5.52 grams per cubic centimeter.

Standing as an intriguing fingerprint of our planet in the realm of Earth statistics, the mean density of Earth, calculated to be 5.52 grams per cubic centimeter, provides critical insights into the understanding of our global habitat. It contributes to our understanding of the Earth’s structure, to components such as the planet’s interior composition, seismological activity, and gravitational force, all of which have consequential effects on the Earth’s crust, atmospheric behavior and overall vitality of our living environment. This small number thus helps mark a giant footprint towards solving Earth’s biggest mysteries, making it a vital statistic in expanding our knowledge about our home planet.

Earth’s atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen.

Providing captivating insight into the very breath we draw, this intriguing fact paints a numerical portrait of Earth’s life-sustaining blanket – the atmosphere. The statistics, 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen demonstrate the elemental duo that fundamentally dictates the existence and survival of every organism inhabiting this vibrant planet. As we converse about Earth Statistics, comprehending the atmospheric composition is akin to interpreting Earth’s vital signs. It’s the foundation for myriad ecological processes, the catalyst inciting weather patterns, and the key to appreciate our planet’s unique capability to support life; thereby, cementing the relevance of this statistic in the broad spectrum encompassed by Earth Statistics.

Earth’s surface is 70.8% covered by water.

The omnipresent reality of our world being 70.8% water-clad paints a stunning portrait of our home planet’s remarkable geographic makeup. Revealing more than just a numerical figure, it unravels fascinating insights about earthly phenomena such as climate patterns, biodiversity and natural resource distribution, which are intrinsically linked to the planet’s water bodies. It’s a-key statistic that sets a foundation in our understanding of life’s existence, flourishing ecosystems, and future sustainability as we navigate the complex contours of earth statistics. Not to mention, it underscores the stark reality of water scarcity issues in a planet that is, paradoxically, largely blanketed by water, thereby underlining the urgent need for sustainable water management strategies.

Earth’s population is over 7.9 billion as of 2021.

Balancing the staggering number of over 7.9 billion residents striding the Earth as of the year 2021, imparts a profound comprehension of our planet’s magnitude, resource distribution and capacity. In a well-drawn blog discourse on Earth Statistics, this key demographic parameter stands as the heartbeat, influencing numerous other statistics, from environmental footprints and consumption patterns to urban sprawl and medical data. With the population as a constantly shifting canvas, this constantly evolving figure allows us to map changes, predict trends, plan for sustainable future developments, and prompt insightful discussions about our collective responsibilities.

The deepest point on Earth, the Mariana Trench, is 36,070 feet deep.

In the narrative of Earth’s astonishing statistics, the depth of the Mariana Trench feeds our curiosity about our planet’s astounding topography below sea level. Standing tall at a breathtaking depth of 36,070 feet, the Mariana Trench showcases Earth’s dramatic underwater landscapes, adding a jaw-dropping perspective to our knowledge. This depth not only represents the ceiling of complexity our planet can uncover underneath the ocean’s surface, but also sets a high barrier for human exploration and technology, underscoring the staggering vastness of Earth’s unchartered territories.

The highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, is approximately 29,031.7 feet above sea level.

Immersing ourselves in Earth Statistics, it’s thrilling to comprehend that our planet cradles a grandiose monolith named Mount Everest, rising to a staggering height of approximately 29,031.7 feet above sea level. This measurement is not merely a number, but a testament to Earth’s diverse topographical features. It also highlights the ultimate terrestrial frontier for explorers and adventure enthusiasts around the globe, symbolizes the extremity of Earth’s natural terrains and its variations, thereby communicating the endless dimensions of the physical world we inhabit. This mighty elevation underscores the dramatic variance in altitudinal points which Earth exhibits, thereby enriching our understanding of the planet’s sprawling geography.

The average temperature of Earth is approximately 14.9 degrees Celsius.

In the grand narrative of Earth’s statistics, the approximate average temperature of 14.9 degrees Celsius is indisputably a protagonist, weaving together diverse threads of climate, environment, and ecology. It molds the very terrain of our physical home, shaping weather patterns, governing the spread of diverse ecosystems and intimately linked to our existence. Oscillations in this average whisper into the ears of those tracking climate change, sounding alarms on global warming, while its steady march through the calendar year guides the seasonal rhythms we humans have built our lives around. Thus, this figure of 14.9 degrees Celsius, as mundane as it may seem, plays a remarkable role in orchestrating the terrestrial grand opera that billions call home.

Earth has one moon.

While documenting a celestial census in an Earth Statistics blog post, the declaration that “Earth has one moon” weaves a crucial point into the narrative. It presents a sharp contrast when juxtaposed with the averages of other planets in our solar system, escalating the uniqueness and exclusivity associated with our Earth. Moreover, it indicates Earth’s nuanced cosmic equilibrium. With the moon’s significant influence on Earth’s tidal behavior, climate, and day-night dynamics, this statistic echoes the profound interstellar arrangement that sustains life as we know it. The solitary presence of one moon, thus, is a pivotal cornerstone in the grand design of Earth’s statistical blueprint.

Earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system.

As we journey through the fascinating cosmos of Earth statistics, one element that stands tall is our planet’s ranking as the fifth largest in the Solar System. This holding provides the reader with a critical benchmark for Earth’s physical size compared to other celestial bodies orbiting our Sun. Apart from symbolizing our rank in the cosmic race, this metric also underscores Earth’s abundant size that houses all known life forms, the natural wonders, diverse ecosystems, and cultures. In the grand galactic tapestry, where Earth positions itself becomes essential to grasp our planet’s tale, our place in the cosmic neighborhood, and nurture a more profound appreciation for the place we call home.

The gravity on Earth is roughly 9.8 m/s^2.

In the realm of Earthly insights, spotlighting the gravity on Earth as approximately 9.8 m/s^2 paints a captivating portrait of our planet’s physical nuances. This compelling measure sets the stage for the interaction between mass and the force of attraction, effectively shaping the dynamics of movements and life on our globe. It provides us, the dwellers of earth, with a sense of weight and balance and has profound implications on a multitude of activities, from everyday tasks to complex scientific experiments. This tug that keeps us grounded stands as a sentinel statistic, offering a foundation for further exploration into Earth’s multifaceted statistical universe.

The oceans hold about 97.5% of the Earth’s water.

Around the azure globe we inhabit, the colossal reservoirs of water, our oceans, possess an overwhelming 97.5% of Earth’s total water. In a blog post dedicated to unraveling the incredible statistics of the Earth, this figure is not just a trivia, it capsizes our understanding about the abundance of this quintessential life-sustaining element, opening vistas about the significance of oceans for the planet’s climate, ecology, and human life. Diving into numbers and percentages as vast as these, splashes clear waves about where our attention should be – ocean conservation and sustainable exploitation – to safeguard our precious nest called Earth.

Earth is approximately 149.6 million kilometers away from the Sun.

Emphasizing the vast scope of our solar system, and the Earth’s placement within it, the figure underlines that our home planet is roughly 149.6 million kilometers away from the Sun. This vast distance, far beyond human comprehension, underscores the intrinsic balance of our universe and the precise conditions necessary to sustain life on Earth. It offers a wealth of context on earth-related statistics, illustrating the proportions of cosmic relationships and sparking valuable discussions about gravitational forces, orbital speed, and the intensity of sunlight reaching the Earth, all of which shape our climate, seasons, and life as we know it.

The Earth’s atmosphere extends up to 10,000 km (6,200 mi) above the planet’s surface.

In a blog post delving into the realm of Earth Statistics, one cannot sidestep the eye-opening revelation about Earth’s atmospheric expanse, stretching 10,000 km (6,200 mi) beyond the planet’s established surface. This illustrative measurement does not just substantiate the Earth’s protective envelope against the harsh space environment, but it further emphasizes the vastness of our home beyond hard land and deep seas, broadening our perception of the Earth. Navigating through this immense atmospheric border promises intriguing insights into weather patterns, climate change, and even communication protocols, thereby underpinning a panoply of essential details that shape our understanding of our planet.

Earth orbits the Sun once every 365.256363004 days. It is this extra .256363004 days that creates the need for a leap year every 4 years.

Incorporating the statistic that the Earth orbits the Sun once every 365.256363004 days into a blog post about Earth’s Statistics paints an intriguing picture of how our planet operates within the larger cosmic system. The fascinating detail that this slightly exceeds a tidy 365 day year ultimately justifies the addition of an extra day every four years, commonly known as a leap year. This tidbit not only illuminates the detailed and precise calculations scientists utilized in order to maintain our calendar’s alignment with Earth’s actual journey around the Sun, but also underscores the incredible dynamic nature of our cosmos that ceaselessly influences our everyday life.


Earth’s statistics provide a comprehensive picture that is vital in informing the decisions, policies, and understanding of phenomena on our planet. They highlight the significant variations in climatic patterns, population growth, resource distribution, and biodiversity that exist across our globe. These multifaceted insights are essential not only for academics but also for policymakers, environmentalists, and individuals who are interested in understanding the world’s current dynamics and forecasting future trends. In a rapidly changing world, Earth statistics play an increasingly crucial role in planning for sustainable development and resilience.


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What is the average diameter of the Earth?

The average diameter of the Earth is approximately 7,917.5 miles or 12,742 kilometers.

How much of the Earth's surface is covered by water?

About 71% of the Earth's surface is covered by water.

What is the Earth's total population?

As of 2021, the Earth's total population is approximately 7.8 billion people.

How old is the Earth?

The Earth is estimated to be around 4.54 billion years old.

How many countries are there on Earth?

There are 195 countries on the Earth. This includes 193 United Nations member countries and 2 observer states (the Holy See and Palestine).

How we write our statistic reports:

We have not conducted any studies ourselves. Our article provides a summary of all the statistics and studies available at the time of writing. We are solely presenting a summary, not expressing our own opinion. We have collected all statistics within our internal database. In some cases, we use Artificial Intelligence for formulating the statistics. The articles are updated regularly.

See our Editorial Process.

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