GITNUX REPORT 2024

Diversity In Colleges Statistics: Graduation Rates, Student Demographics Revealed

Dive into eye-opening college diversity stats revealing disparities in graduation rates and student characteristics.

Author: Jannik Lindner

First published: 7/17/2024

Statistic 1

42% of all undergraduate students are students of color.

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19% of undergraduate students are Hispanic.

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13% of undergraduate students are Black.

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7% of undergraduate students are Asian.

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3% of undergraduate students are of two or more races.

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1% of undergraduate students are American Indian/Alaska Native.

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52% of undergraduate students are women.

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20% of college faculty are from racial/ethnic minority groups.

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6% of college faculty are Black.

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5% of college faculty are Hispanic.

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11% of college faculty are Asian/Pacific Islander.

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1% of college faculty are American Indian/Alaska Native.

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44% of college faculty are women.

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60% of Black students receive Pell Grants.

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51% of Hispanic students receive Pell Grants.

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33% of Asian students receive Pell Grants.

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31% of White students receive Pell Grants.

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72% of Black students take out student loans.

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66% of Hispanic students take out student loans.

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58% of Asian students take out student loans.

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69% of White students take out student loans.

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45% of Hispanic students are first-generation college students.

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41% of Black students are first-generation college students.

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32% of White students are first-generation college students.

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25% of Asian students are first-generation college students.

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56% of first-generation students are women.

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27% of first-generation students have dependents.

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Only 14% of American Indian students complete a bachelor's degree within six years.

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Asian students have the highest six-year graduation rate at 74%.

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Black students have a 40% six-year graduation rate.

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Hispanic students have a 54% six-year graduation rate.

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White students have a 64% six-year graduation rate.

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58% of Black students attend public four-year colleges.

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66% of Hispanic students attend public four-year colleges.

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72% of Asian students attend public four-year colleges.

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64% of White students attend public four-year colleges.

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12% of Black students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.

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10% of Hispanic students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.

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16% of Asian students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.

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19% of White students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.

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30% of Black students attend for-profit colleges.

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24% of Hispanic students attend for-profit colleges.

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12% of Asian students attend for-profit colleges.

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17% of White students attend for-profit colleges.

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13% of college students are international students.

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52% of international students come from China or India.

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44% of international students study in STEM fields.

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62% of international students rely on personal and family funding.

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17% of international students receive funding from their U.S. college or university.

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5.9% of college students identify as LGBTQ+.

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1.4% of college students identify as transgender or gender non-conforming.

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23% of LGBTQ+ students report experiencing harassment on campus.

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33% of LGBTQ+ students consider leaving their institution due to a negative climate.

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19% of undergraduate students are 25 years or older.

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37% of undergraduate students attend part-time.

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22% of undergraduate students have children.

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14% of undergraduate students are single parents.

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28% of undergraduate students work full-time while enrolled.

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17% of college students have a disability.

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11% of college students have a learning disability.

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7% of college students have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

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4% of college students have a mental health condition.

Statistic 63

3% of college students have a physical disability.

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Summary

  • Only 14% of American Indian students complete a bachelor's degree within six years.
  • Asian students have the highest six-year graduation rate at 74%.
  • Black students have a 40% six-year graduation rate.
  • Hispanic students have a 54% six-year graduation rate.
  • White students have a 64% six-year graduation rate.
  • 42% of all undergraduate students are students of color.
  • 19% of undergraduate students are Hispanic.
  • 13% of undergraduate students are Black.
  • 7% of undergraduate students are Asian.
  • 3% of undergraduate students are of two or more races.
  • 1% of undergraduate students are American Indian/Alaska Native.
  • 52% of undergraduate students are women.
  • 20% of college faculty are from racial/ethnic minority groups.
  • 6% of college faculty are Black.
  • 5% of college faculty are Hispanic.

Numbers dont lie, but they definitely tell a diverse story in the world of higher education. Did you know that only 14% of American Indian students complete a bachelors degree within six years, while Asian students soar with a 74% graduation rate? Join me as we dive into the colorful tapestry of college demographics, from the disparities in graduation rates among different ethnic groups to the underrepresentation of minorities in faculty positions. Grab your stats sheet and lets uncover the fascinating universe of diversity in colleges!

Enrollment Demographics

  • 42% of all undergraduate students are students of color.
  • 19% of undergraduate students are Hispanic.
  • 13% of undergraduate students are Black.
  • 7% of undergraduate students are Asian.
  • 3% of undergraduate students are of two or more races.
  • 1% of undergraduate students are American Indian/Alaska Native.
  • 52% of undergraduate students are women.

Interpretation

In a delightful mosaic of academia, today's college campuses are vibrant canvases of diversity, with 42% of undergraduates painting the walls with hues of color. The melodic blend includes 19% Hispanic students, bringing the rhythm, 13% Black students, grounding the harmony, 7% Asian students, adding a touch of elegance, and 3% representing the beautiful intersection of multiple backgrounds. As the cherry on top, 1% of undergraduate students proudly stand as the indigenous anchors of this evolving landscape. Amidst this symphony, it's noteworthy that 52% of the players are women, gracefully leading the ensemble towards a future where education transcends boundaries and celebrates the richness of human experience.

Faculty Diversity

  • 20% of college faculty are from racial/ethnic minority groups.
  • 6% of college faculty are Black.
  • 5% of college faculty are Hispanic.
  • 11% of college faculty are Asian/Pacific Islander.
  • 1% of college faculty are American Indian/Alaska Native.
  • 44% of college faculty are women.

Interpretation

In the colorful mosaic of academia, diversity remains a patchwork of progress and potential. While the numbers show that a kaleidoscope of backgrounds enriches our college faculty, it's clear that the paintbrush of inclusion has yet to reach every corner of the canvas. With only 6% of faculty being Black, 5% Hispanic, and 1% Native American, there's still work to be done to ensure that all voices are heard and all perspectives valued. However, with 44% of faculty being women, the canvas is not without its bold strokes of change. As we strive for a more vibrant and equitable educational landscape, may our brushstrokes be bold and our colors blend in harmonious diversity.

Financial Aid

  • 60% of Black students receive Pell Grants.
  • 51% of Hispanic students receive Pell Grants.
  • 33% of Asian students receive Pell Grants.
  • 31% of White students receive Pell Grants.
  • 72% of Black students take out student loans.
  • 66% of Hispanic students take out student loans.
  • 58% of Asian students take out student loans.
  • 69% of White students take out student loans.

Interpretation

These statistics paint a vivid picture of the complex intersectionality of race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status in higher education. While it is clear that students from minority backgrounds are disproportionately reliant on Pell Grants and student loans to fund their education, it is important to acknowledge that these numbers are not just markers of financial need, but also reflective of historical and structural inequities in our education system. As we strive for a more inclusive and equitable academic environment, we must not only address the financial barriers faced by diverse student populations but also work towards dismantling the systemic inequalities that perpetuate these disparities.

First-Generation Students

  • 45% of Hispanic students are first-generation college students.
  • 41% of Black students are first-generation college students.
  • 32% of White students are first-generation college students.
  • 25% of Asian students are first-generation college students.
  • 56% of first-generation students are women.
  • 27% of first-generation students have dependents.

Interpretation

In the colorful tapestry of higher education, the thread of first-generation college students weaves an intricate pattern of resilience and determination. The statistics speak volumes: while the odds may vary, the common thread of overcoming obstacles unites Hispanic, Black, White, and Asian students alike in their pursuit of knowledge. And amidst this diverse landscape, it is the women who stand out as the majority, demonstrating that breaking barriers knows no gender. With nearly a third balancing the responsibilities of education and family, these statistics reveal not just numbers, but stories of triumph and untapped potential in the corridors of learning.

Graduation Rates

  • Only 14% of American Indian students complete a bachelor's degree within six years.
  • Asian students have the highest six-year graduation rate at 74%.
  • Black students have a 40% six-year graduation rate.
  • Hispanic students have a 54% six-year graduation rate.
  • White students have a 64% six-year graduation rate.

Interpretation

In the intricate tapestry of higher education, these statistics serve as a stark reminder that the path to a degree is not equally paved for all students. The numbers paint a vivid picture of the disparity in college completion rates among different racial and ethnic groups. While Asian students shine brightly with a 74% graduation rate, American Indian students are left navigating a maze of barriers with only 14% reaching the finish line. The journey to success should not be a game of chance predicated on one's background. It's time to dismantle the systemic roadblocks hindering the academic pursuits of marginalized communities and ensure that all students have a fair opportunity to thrive in the academic arena.

Institution Type

  • 58% of Black students attend public four-year colleges.
  • 66% of Hispanic students attend public four-year colleges.
  • 72% of Asian students attend public four-year colleges.
  • 64% of White students attend public four-year colleges.
  • 12% of Black students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.
  • 10% of Hispanic students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.
  • 16% of Asian students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.
  • 19% of White students attend private nonprofit four-year colleges.
  • 30% of Black students attend for-profit colleges.
  • 24% of Hispanic students attend for-profit colleges.
  • 12% of Asian students attend for-profit colleges.
  • 17% of White students attend for-profit colleges.

Interpretation

These statistics on college attendance by different racial groups paint a complex picture of diversity and access to higher education. While it's encouraging to see a majority of Asian students attending public four-year colleges, there are concerning disparities for Black and Hispanic students, with higher percentages opting for for-profit institutions. The data not only reflect socioeconomic realities but also highlight the need for equitable educational opportunities across all racial groups. As we strive for a more inclusive and fair education system, perhaps it's time to rethink the value and accessibility of different types of colleges to ensure all students have a fair shot at success.

International Students

  • 13% of college students are international students.
  • 52% of international students come from China or India.
  • 44% of international students study in STEM fields.
  • 62% of international students rely on personal and family funding.
  • 17% of international students receive funding from their U.S. college or university.

Interpretation

These statistics paint a fascinating picture of diversity in colleges, where a melting pot of nationalities converges in pursuit of knowledge. One might say that with 13% of college students being international, campuses are like global souks of learning, enriching the academic tapestry with an array of perspectives. However, with over half of international students hailing from China or India, it seems like these countries are leading the charge in exporting brainpower. And despite the allure of STEM fields attracting nearly half of international students, it's heartwarming to note that a majority still rely on good old-fashioned family funds to fuel their academic dreams. It seems fitting that only 17% receive financial backing from their U.S. institutions, underscoring the resilient spirit and grit of these international scholars in their pursuit of higher education. Diversity truly is the spice of campus life!

LGBTQ+ Students

  • 5.9% of college students identify as LGBTQ+.
  • 1.4% of college students identify as transgender or gender non-conforming.
  • 23% of LGBTQ+ students report experiencing harassment on campus.
  • 33% of LGBTQ+ students consider leaving their institution due to a negative climate.

Interpretation

In a world where knowledge and acceptance should flourish, these statistics reveal an unfortunate reality lurking within the walls of higher education. With 5.9% proudly waving the LGBTQ+ flag and 1.4% navigating the delicate waters of gender identity, it's disheartening that 23% find themselves tangled in the web of harassment on campus. And when a third of LGBTQ+ students contemplate bidding farewell to their institution due to an unwelcoming atmosphere, it's clear that the ivory tower isn't always as inclusive as it should be. It's time for colleges to hit the books on creating a truly diverse and accepting environment for all their students.

Non-Traditional Students

  • 19% of undergraduate students are 25 years or older.
  • 37% of undergraduate students attend part-time.
  • 22% of undergraduate students have children.
  • 14% of undergraduate students are single parents.
  • 28% of undergraduate students work full-time while enrolled.

Interpretation

In the academic melting pot of higher education, it seems age is just a number, and multitasking is a must. With nearly a fifth of undergraduates joining the college ranks after a quarter-century on this planet, and over a third balancing education with part-time schedules, it's clear that the traditional timeline of higher learning is getting a makeover. Add in the fact that nearly a quarter of undergrads are juggling parenthood alongside essays and exams, and you've got a true testament to the resilience and determination of today's student body. And let's not forget the 14% of undergrads who are bravely navigating the complexities of higher education while flying solo as single parents, proving that the pursuit of knowledge knows no bounds. It's a modern academia where full-time jobs and full-time course loads go hand-in-hand for nearly a third of students, showing that hustle and ambition are as much a part of the college experience as textbooks and lectures. Strategic planners may need to rethink the traditional college student mold, because it's clear that diversity, flexibility, and grit are the new norm in the hallowed halls of academia.

Students with Disabilities

  • 17% of college students have a disability.
  • 11% of college students have a learning disability.
  • 7% of college students have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
  • 4% of college students have a mental health condition.
  • 3% of college students have a physical disability.

Interpretation

In the diverse landscape of higher education, statistics show that colleges are not just hubs of learning, but also microcosms of society. With 17% of students grappling with disabilities, 11% with learning challenges, 7% coping with ADHD, 4% navigating mental health conditions, and 3% facing physical disabilities, it's clear that universities are not just breeding grounds for academic excellence, but also arenas for inclusivity and support. These figures speak volumes about the importance of creating an environment that embraces and accommodates the myriad ways in which students experience the world. In a college setting, diversity isn't just about cultural backgrounds or academic interests—it's also about recognizing and valuing the unique strengths and challenges that each individual brings to the table.

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