Must-Know China Laborforce Statistics [Latest Report]

With sources from: 1 –, 2 –, 3 –, 4 – and many more

In this post, we will explore a comprehensive overview of China’s labor force statistics, shedding light on key trends and figures shaping the landscape of employment in the country. From changes in the labor force size to unemployment rates, minimum wages, sectoral distributions, and more, these statistics offer valuable insights into the dynamics of China’s workforce.

Statistic 1

"China’s labor force has decreased since 2015, from 800.91 million people in 2015 to 780.24 million people in 2021."

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Statistic 2

"The share of armed workforce in China decreased to 0.32% in 2015 and is still decreasing."

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Statistic 3

"The registered unemployment rate in urban China decreased until 2019, but rose to 4.24% in 2020. It is expected to decrease to 3.6% by 2027."

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Statistic 4

"The minimum wage in China varies greatly between provinces and districts, with a difference of up to 400 yuan per month."

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Statistic 5

"As of 2021, China’s labor force is approximately 793.97 million people."

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Statistic 6

"In 2020, about 43.39 million Chinese workers engaged in the manufacturing sector."

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Statistic 7

"In 2019, China’s labor force participation rate was around 75.65% for males and 60.77% for females."

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Statistic 8

"As of September 2021, the unemployment rate in China is 5.1%."

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Statistic 9

"In 2020, the average income of Chinese migrant workers was around 4,076 CNY per month."

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Statistic 10

"China’s retirement age for men is 60 years and for women, it’s 55 years (50 for blue-collar jobs)."

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Statistic 11

"In 2020, the agriculture sector employed around 27.5% of China’s labor force."

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Statistic 12

"As of 2021, the minimum wage in China varies between 1,530 CNY (Shanghai) and 1,210 CNY (Guangxi Zhuang), depending on the region."

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Statistic 13

"In 2019, the total annual number of hours worked in China was 46.3 billion hours."

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Statistic 14

"As of 2019, the Chinese labor market has a youth unemployment rate of 11.6%."

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Statistic 15

"In 2018, the total number of employment in renewable energy sector in China was approximately 4.1 million."

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Statistic 16

"In 2018, approximately 99 million people were working in the services sector in China."

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Statistic 17

"As of 2019, the gender pay gap in China was approximately 20%."

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Statistic 18

"In 2020, 5.5% of the employed population in China were part of labor unions."

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Statistic 19

"In 2017, around 67.6% of China’s urban labor force was engaged in non-public sectors."

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Statistic 20

"In 2020, the construction sector employed about 13.4% of China’s labor force."

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Overall, the statistics on China's labor force present a complex picture of changes and trends over the past few years. Despite a decrease in the total labor force since 2015, China still maintains a substantial workforce. The data also highlights shifts in employment sectors, such as a decrease in the share of armed workforce and a significant number of workers in the manufacturing and construction sectors. Unemployment rates fluctuate, with a recent increase in 2020 but an expected decrease by 2027. Disparities in minimum wage across regions and gender pay gap are evident, reflecting ongoing challenges within the labor market in China. Additionally, the statistics reveal insights into workforce demographics, retirement ages, and labor union membership, providing valuable information for understanding the dynamics of China's labor force.

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