GITNUX REPORT 2024

Key US Probation Statistics for 2020: Demographics, Offenses, Success

Exploring the 2020 probation landscape: demographics, offenses, success rates, costs, and more revealed in-depth analysis.

Author: Jannik Lindner

First published: 7/17/2024

Statistic 1

The average caseload for a probation officer is about 100 cases.

Statistic 2

Probation costs an average of $3.42 per day per offender.

Statistic 3

In 2020, there were approximately 94,000 probation officers in the United States.

Statistic 4

The average cost of probation supervision is about $1,250 per year per offender.

Statistic 5

Approximately 80% of probation cases are supervised by state agencies.

Statistic 6

About 20% of probation cases are supervised by county or municipal agencies.

Statistic 7

The average probation officer salary in the United States is about $55,000 per year.

Statistic 8

About 31% of probationers are required to attend substance abuse treatment.

Statistic 9

Approximately 28% of probationers are required to undergo drug testing.

Statistic 10

Around 15% of probationers are required to attend mental health treatment.

Statistic 11

About 10% of probationers are required to wear electronic monitoring devices.

Statistic 12

Approximately 20% of probationers are required to perform community service.

Statistic 13

Approximately 40% of probationers are required to pay supervision fees.

Statistic 14

About 35% of probationers are required to pay restitution to their victims.

Statistic 15

Approximately 25% of probationers are required to attend educational programs.

Statistic 16

About 20% of probationers are required to attend cognitive behavioral therapy.

Statistic 17

Approximately 15% of probationers are required to attend anger management classes.

Statistic 18

About 10% of probationers are required to attend parenting classes.

Statistic 19

Approximately 5% of probationers are required to attend domestic violence counseling.

Statistic 20

In 2020, 53% of adults on probation were white.

Statistic 21

30% of adults on probation in 2020 were Black.

Statistic 22

Hispanics accounted for 14% of the probation population in 2020.

Statistic 23

Males made up 75% of the probation population in 2020.

Statistic 24

The average age of probationers is 35 years old.

Statistic 25

About 40% of probationers have a high school diploma or GED.

Statistic 26

Approximately 60% of probationers were unemployed at the time of their arrest.

Statistic 27

Approximately 70% of probationers are male.

Statistic 28

About 30% of probationers are female.

Statistic 29

Approximately 55% of probationers are white.

Statistic 30

About 30% of probationers are Black.

Statistic 31

Approximately 13% of probationers are Hispanic.

Statistic 32

About 2% of probationers are Native American or Alaska Native.

Statistic 33

Approximately 1% of probationers are Asian or Pacific Islander.

Statistic 34

About 45% of probationers have children under the age of 18.

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Approximately 30% of probationers report having a mental health condition.

Statistic 36

About 57% of probationers were sentenced for a felony offense in 2020.

Statistic 37

Approximately 41% of probationers were sentenced for a misdemeanor in 2020.

Statistic 38

Drug offenses accounted for 25% of probation cases in 2020.

Statistic 39

Property offenses made up 18% of probation cases in 2020.

Statistic 40

Violent offenses accounted for 17% of probation cases in 2020.

Statistic 41

Public order offenses comprised 21% of probation cases in 2020.

Statistic 42

About 53% of probationers were convicted of a non-violent offense.

Statistic 43

Approximately 18% of probationers were convicted of a drug possession offense.

Statistic 44

About 7% of probationers were convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI).

Statistic 45

Approximately 5% of probationers were convicted of domestic violence.

Statistic 46

About 4% of probationers were convicted of a sex offense.

Statistic 47

The successful completion rate for probation in 2020 was 65%.

Statistic 48

About 15% of probationers were incarcerated for violating conditions in 2020.

Statistic 49

Approximately 8% of probationers absconded in 2020.

Statistic 50

The recidivism rate for probationers within 3 years is about 43%.

Statistic 51

In 2020, there were approximately 3,890,400 adults on probation in the United States.

Statistic 52

The probation population decreased by 8.3% from 2019 to 2020.

Statistic 53

About 1 in 58 adults in the United States were on probation at the end of 2020.

Statistic 54

The probation population decreased by 22% between 2010 and 2020.

Statistic 55

Texas had the largest probation population in 2020 with 316,000 probationers.

Statistic 56

Vermont had the smallest probation population in 2020 with 5,400 probationers.

Statistic 57

The probation rate in the United States was 1,577 per 100,000 adult residents in 2020.

Statistic 58

Georgia had the highest probation rate in 2020 with 3,824 probationers per 100,000 adult residents.

Statistic 59

New Hampshire had the lowest probation rate in 2020 with 370 probationers per 100,000 adult residents.

Statistic 60

The average length of probation in state courts is 22 months.

Statistic 61

In federal courts, the average length of probation is 33 months.

Statistic 62

The average probation sentence for a felony offense is 3 years.

Statistic 63

The average probation sentence for a misdemeanor offense is 1 year.

Statistic 64

About 25% of probationers receive a split sentence that includes some jail time.

Statistic 65

Approximately 10% of probationers receive a sentence of probation plus community service.

Statistic 66

About 5% of probationers receive a sentence of probation plus home confinement.

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Summary

  • In 2020, there were approximately 3,890,400 adults on probation in the United States.
  • The probation population decreased by 8.3% from 2019 to 2020.
  • About 1 in 58 adults in the United States were on probation at the end of 2020.
  • In 2020, 53% of adults on probation were white.
  • 30% of adults on probation in 2020 were Black.
  • Hispanics accounted for 14% of the probation population in 2020.
  • Males made up 75% of the probation population in 2020.
  • The average length of probation in state courts is 22 months.
  • In federal courts, the average length of probation is 33 months.
  • About 57% of probationers were sentenced for a felony offense in 2020.
  • Approximately 41% of probationers were sentenced for a misdemeanor in 2020.
  • Drug offenses accounted for 25% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Property offenses made up 18% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Violent offenses accounted for 17% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Public order offenses comprised 21% of probation cases in 2020.

Step right up and behold the wild world of probation statistics! In 2020, approximately 3,890,400 adults were walking the tightrope of probation in the United States, with a decrease of 8.3% from the previous year. From the color of their collar to the length of their chains, these numbers paint a vivid picture of whos teetering on the edge of the law. With 53% being white, 30% Black, and 14% Hispanic, its a diverse circus out there. So, grab your popcorn and take a seat as we unravel the probation saga, from costumed offenses to the thrilling acrobatics of supervision fees and restitution payments – this show has it all!

Administration

  • The average caseload for a probation officer is about 100 cases.
  • Probation costs an average of $3.42 per day per offender.
  • In 2020, there were approximately 94,000 probation officers in the United States.
  • The average cost of probation supervision is about $1,250 per year per offender.
  • Approximately 80% of probation cases are supervised by state agencies.
  • About 20% of probation cases are supervised by county or municipal agencies.
  • The average probation officer salary in the United States is about $55,000 per year.

Interpretation

In the world of probation, where numbers reign supreme and caseloads pile high, probation officers deserve more than just a pat on the back. With an average of 100 cases on their plate and $3.42 a day to keep each offender in check, these unsung heroes navigate the complex labyrinth of supervision with skill and finesse. In 2020, a legion of 94,000 probation officers stood as the guardians of justice, overseeing a system where the cost of supervision hovers around $1,250 per year per offender. As they march forward, 80% of these vigilant officers are backed by state agencies, while the remaining 20% uphold order at the county or municipal level. Despite the challenges they face, these dedicated professionals earn an average annual salary of $55,000, a testament to their invaluable contribution to our society's safety and well-being. Let us raise a gavel to these tireless guardians of the law, for their work is truly priceless.

Conditions

  • About 31% of probationers are required to attend substance abuse treatment.
  • Approximately 28% of probationers are required to undergo drug testing.
  • Around 15% of probationers are required to attend mental health treatment.
  • About 10% of probationers are required to wear electronic monitoring devices.
  • Approximately 20% of probationers are required to perform community service.
  • Approximately 40% of probationers are required to pay supervision fees.
  • About 35% of probationers are required to pay restitution to their victims.
  • Approximately 25% of probationers are required to attend educational programs.
  • About 20% of probationers are required to attend cognitive behavioral therapy.
  • Approximately 15% of probationers are required to attend anger management classes.
  • About 10% of probationers are required to attend parenting classes.
  • Approximately 5% of probationers are required to attend domestic violence counseling.

Interpretation

In an intricate dance of rehabilitation and accountability, probation statistics reveal a mosaic of interventions aimed at guiding individuals back on the path towards societal adherence. From substance abuse treatment to electronic monitoring devices, probationers navigate a landscape of obligations designed to address a spectrum of needs. With percentages as varied as the hues in a painter's palette, these requirements paint a picture of a system striving to balance punishment and support in its quest for justice. Like pieces in a complex puzzle, each statistic represents a crucial component in the intricate tapestry of probation supervision, piecing together the hopes of reformation and the demands of restitution.

Demographics

  • In 2020, 53% of adults on probation were white.
  • 30% of adults on probation in 2020 were Black.
  • Hispanics accounted for 14% of the probation population in 2020.
  • Males made up 75% of the probation population in 2020.
  • The average age of probationers is 35 years old.
  • About 40% of probationers have a high school diploma or GED.
  • Approximately 60% of probationers were unemployed at the time of their arrest.
  • Approximately 70% of probationers are male.
  • About 30% of probationers are female.
  • Approximately 55% of probationers are white.
  • About 30% of probationers are Black.
  • Approximately 13% of probationers are Hispanic.
  • About 2% of probationers are Native American or Alaska Native.
  • Approximately 1% of probationers are Asian or Pacific Islander.
  • About 45% of probationers have children under the age of 18.
  • Approximately 30% of probationers report having a mental health condition.

Interpretation

In a curious blend of numerical juggling and societal reflection, the 2020 probation statistics paint a complex mosaic of our justice system. With white individuals representing the majority on probation, one wonders if privilege shields some from a harsher fate. The significant overrepresentation of Black and Hispanic probationers highlights the glaring disparities in encounters with the law. Males dominating the probation population suggest a gendered approach to criminality, while the average age of 35 hints at a crucial juncture where paths diverged. As unemployment looms large among probationers, the cycle of poverty and crime tightens its grip. And with a sizable portion reporting mental health conditions, one can't help but ponder the intersection of social support and punitive measures. These numbers beckon us to dig deeper into the shadows of our justice system, where lives intersect with statistics, begging for a fairer reflection of our shared humanity.

Offenses

  • About 57% of probationers were sentenced for a felony offense in 2020.
  • Approximately 41% of probationers were sentenced for a misdemeanor in 2020.
  • Drug offenses accounted for 25% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Property offenses made up 18% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Violent offenses accounted for 17% of probation cases in 2020.
  • Public order offenses comprised 21% of probation cases in 2020.
  • About 53% of probationers were convicted of a non-violent offense.
  • Approximately 18% of probationers were convicted of a drug possession offense.
  • About 7% of probationers were convicted of driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI).
  • Approximately 5% of probationers were convicted of domestic violence.
  • About 4% of probationers were convicted of a sex offense.

Interpretation

In the intricate dance of justice, the statistical tango of probation reveals a diverse array of offenses, with felonies taking center stage at 57% and misdemeanors providing a lively partner at 41%. Drug offenses sway rhythmically at 25%, while property offenses and violent acts gracefully share the floor at 18% and 17% respectively. The misdemeanor masquerade sees public order offenses performing their waltz at 21%. Despite this criminal ballroom extravaganza, the majority of probationers find themselves dancing to the tune of non-violent offenses at 53%, with a notable 18% caught in the trance of drug possession. Yet, amidst this judicial soirée, the somber shadows of DUIs, domestic violence, and sex offenses cast a sobering reminder that the dance of justice is ceaseless and complex.

Outcomes

  • The successful completion rate for probation in 2020 was 65%.
  • About 15% of probationers were incarcerated for violating conditions in 2020.
  • Approximately 8% of probationers absconded in 2020.
  • The recidivism rate for probationers within 3 years is about 43%.

Interpretation

The world of probation seems to be a rollercoaster ride of success and setbacks, with a success rate of 65% painting a promising picture, albeit alongside the 15% who found themselves trading their probation officer for a cell, and the 8% who chose to ghost the whole system instead. With a recidivism rate of 43%, it seems like the revolving door of the justice system continues to spin, prompting us to question what improvements could be made to ensure more probationers break free from the cycle and into a brighter future.

Population

  • In 2020, there were approximately 3,890,400 adults on probation in the United States.
  • The probation population decreased by 8.3% from 2019 to 2020.
  • About 1 in 58 adults in the United States were on probation at the end of 2020.
  • The probation population decreased by 22% between 2010 and 2020.
  • Texas had the largest probation population in 2020 with 316,000 probationers.
  • Vermont had the smallest probation population in 2020 with 5,400 probationers.
  • The probation rate in the United States was 1,577 per 100,000 adult residents in 2020.
  • Georgia had the highest probation rate in 2020 with 3,824 probationers per 100,000 adult residents.
  • New Hampshire had the lowest probation rate in 2020 with 370 probationers per 100,000 adult residents.

Interpretation

In a world where wearing anklets can land you in the trendy category, the statistics on probation paint a revealing picture of society. With almost 4 million adults treading the fine line in 2020 and a cool 8.3% decrease in probation enthusiasts, it appears that rehabilitating behavior is catching on like a viral dance challenge. Texas, always leading the pack, boasted the biggest crowd of probationers, while Vermont keeps it cozy with a mere knapsack of 5,400. And let's not forget Georgia, setting the probation bar high like a limbo champion at 3,824 per 100,000 residents, while New Hampshire dances to its own beat with a mere 370. It seems we're all on probation in some form or another; after all, life is just a series of colorful checkpoints.

Sentencing

  • The average length of probation in state courts is 22 months.
  • In federal courts, the average length of probation is 33 months.
  • The average probation sentence for a felony offense is 3 years.
  • The average probation sentence for a misdemeanor offense is 1 year.
  • About 25% of probationers receive a split sentence that includes some jail time.
  • Approximately 10% of probationers receive a sentence of probation plus community service.
  • About 5% of probationers receive a sentence of probation plus home confinement.

Interpretation

The statistics on probation lengths paint a vivid picture of the intricate dance between justice and rehabilitation in our legal system. From state courts to federal courts, the numbers reveal a delicate balancing act – with sentences ranging from the blink-and-you'll-miss-it 1-year misdemeanor probation, to the marathon-like 33-month federal probation. A sprinkle of community service, a dash of home confinement, and a side of split sentencing add flavors to the mix, showing that the buffet of options for probationers is diverse and complex. As we digest these figures, one thing is clear: probation is not a one-size-fits-all solution, but rather a nuanced cornerstone in the ongoing dialogue about how best to steer individuals back onto the path of lawful living.

References